Wednesday, 5 October 2011


Will controling the amount of violence in films and on TV reduce violent crimes?

Is the prevalence of  violence related to increasing violence in films and TV?
Can its rate be reduced by controlling level of violence in entertainment?

There is growing concern over increasing media violence nowadays.

Some people belief that violence in media can lead to real life aggressiveness.It is supported by some observations;introduction of television sets,for example,parallels with increased crime rate in North America.In order to bring down violence in community,it is sensible to regulate films and TV strictly.Although the link between brutal scenes in media and destructive behaviour is probable,there are other reasons that cause crimes.

Several factors influence the incidence of violence.
Poverty is an important variable,inequality in particular,which perpetrates crime.In addition,unemployment can also lead to violence,so is the growing gap between richest and poorest members of society.All these factors are closely interrelated and unless we address these major issues,our community will be continually facing increasing violence.

( to be continued )

Tuesday, 4 October 2011

Advertisements targeting Children

Some people believe that advertisements targeting children may have negative effects on them, and suggest banning such advertisements as a solution

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

( in other words,will ban on such ads be effective answer?If not,what else can be done? )

We all live in a commercial world and children are not immune from advertisements directed towards them.Excessive commercial pressure and its negative impact on young people is highlighted by experts and parents are naturally  concerned about the issue.In this essay,
I will discuss my view on whether banning of these ads would be effective solution or not.

Nowadays,advertisements directed to children are common place on different medias and traditional media like television programs are bombarded with adverts.Food ads,for instance,have substantial influence on children's food choice and subsequent eating behavior.Experts point out that growing epidemic of overweight and obesity is partly related to these adverts.It is obvious that we must find solution to prevent similar hazards.In addition,children become victims of adverts on new digital media,the internet, as well.

There is advertising regulation on traditional media like TV in some parts of the world,and the regulators ban commercials to young people aired on the media,which would help in reducing negative consequences in some way but not eliminate completely. Since other means of new advertisements like brand ambassador or online ads escape from these regulation,we need other solutions as well.

One other suggested approach is raising parental awareness of marketing and advertising technique.Parents can be a role model as smarter consumer.Most importantly,Schools should  inform children of consumerism and advertisements.Finally,industry should be responsible.

All in all,banning of unethical ads directed to young people could be a solution in media like TV program,it would not be practical in other marketing approaches.Teachers and parents alike should be vigilant to protect children from undesirable commercials,along with responsible practice of industry.
( 270 words )

Advertisement /adverts/promotion/to sell products/ads/commercial on TV

what kind of adverts directed toward children do you aware of?

Food ads on televisions have influence on children's food choice

Why do industry view children as their market force?

Because of their spending power

What channels are used to reach youth?


Adverts directed at youth are on internet,which are lagely unrestricted

Is  marketing practice ethical? 

Exploit/public attention

What are the negative impacts?

Should this be banned or any alternative solution?


prohibit/limit advertising directed at children in television program

parents teach child to be smart consumer
encourage non-commercial value in kids

take action; consumers voice their  opinions about advertising

Saturday, 1 October 2011

Violence in Society

There is an increase in violence in society because police officers carry guns.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include examples from your personal experience.


in school/community/home
what are the causes at the levels of individual/family/community/society
prevent violence through strategies that are conceived and implemented in relation to these causes

GUN CONTROL: credit to

Gun use, which is strictly controlled in most countries, is definitely not a kind of normal good in our society. However, gun control in some countries is relatively looser than in others. Therefore, this is still a controversial topic around the world. From my point of view, it is sensible to enforce  gun control.

The first factor considered is the risk of accidents with guns.Accidents cannot be completely avoided, even though only those who have gun licenses can purchase guns. For example, we hear some news from time to time that someone was hurt by accident  while hunting. So the fewer guns possessed, the fewer accidents would happen, and our surroundings would be safer with lower accident rates.

Secondly, most violent crimes are related to the abuse of guns, especially in some countries where guns are available for people. Eventually, guns will create a violent society. Take for example, in America, young adults and even juveniles can get access to guns, which leads to the tragedies of school gun shooting. What is worse, some terrorists are able to possess more advanced weapons than the police, which makes citizen live in constant danger.

Thirdly, the possession of guns can also raise the rate 
of suicide. In the US, firearms remain the most common method of suicide, accounting for about 50 per cent. Unfortunately, there is an increasing trend of adolescent suicides and suicides among those aged 75 and over.

In conclusion, considering the rise in accident rates, violent crime rates and suicide rates, I support that guns should be strictly limited and the government should enforce a series of laws to prevent our societies from inrceasing violence.

Film: Goverment investment

Most people watch foreign films first, before locally produced films. Why is that so?

If the government in your country decides to invest in the film industry, will you support them to do so and why?

Include your own experience in the essay.

Language:fewer the better?

Several languages die every year. Many people feel this is a positive trend and that a world with fewer languages promotes harmony and understanding between people. 

Analyze both sides of this argument and provide your opinion.


Languages extinct?
Does its extinction really promote harmony and understanding?

Is the understanding between people sole purpose of language?
What else ?

Not just an instrument of communication,

Language is an asset of civilization,
It carries Culture, Civilization, Belief and tradition!

Beauty of individual language can be found in poems literature!

Should we discard all these values in exchange of single global language for effective communication across different cultures?

  • Languages extinct
  • Is it positive or negative?
  • effect could be culturally devastating

  • globalization push toward a switch to English or  other popular language in big cities
fewer languages : 
  • less diversity
  • loss of unique culture
  • frustration of identity being vanished
several different languages:
  • need interpretation/translation

endangered/extinct/die out/fade

An extract from Wikipedia

Following centuries of English rule in Ireland and English imposition of the English language, an argument for de-anglicisation was delivered before the Irish National Literary Society in Dublin, 25 November 1892; 

"When we speak of 'The Necessity for De-Anglicising the Irish Nation', we mean it, not as a protest against imitating what is best in the English people, for that would be absurd, but rather to show the folly of neglecting what is Irish, and hastening to adopt, pell-mell, and indiscriminately, everything that is English, simply because it is English."

Friday, 30 September 2011

University Education:More or Less Emphasis

While many people feel that more university graduates coming out from higher education system and the university education should be emphasized less,others strongly argue that we should put more stress on tertiary education.
In my opinion,the tertiary education should be encouraged for a number of reasons.

First of all,knowledge is widely accepted as power.In a climate of increasing competition across different regions in global economy nowadays,importance of this notion is evident.In order to succeed in such competitions,knowledge and skills of workforce should be continually updated.Tertiary education is clearly fundamental to sustain this process in a society.

When we carefully look at contemporary history of developed and emerging economies,we can see clearly how commitment in higher education plays key role in economic and social development.Korean products like televisions and automobiles,for instance,have been successfully marketed in western countries.This success in Korean industries could be seen as fruits of its investment in higher education two to three decades ago.Consequent substantial number of competent graduates from universities can lead research and innovations necessary to foster economic progress.

Furthermore,higher education equips individuals with adaptability and increases their employability throughout their careers.It is also apparent that those who can adapt to changing market demand could survive, particularly in time of turbulence in major economies.

In summary,university education is essential for the growth of individual as well as society.It should also be encouraged for its role in research , innovation and adaptability in changing world.

248 words

3 Reasons why higher education should be encouraged:

  • Continually updated Knowledge is power
  • Outcome of commitment in tertiary education which is integral in research and innovation
  • Adaptability and employability
Useful Vocabulary
evolve significantly/growth potential/mainstream

Sunday, 25 September 2011

Salary:Young vs Old

Employer should pay the young people the same salary as older colleagues doing the same job.

To what extent do you agree or disagree ?

Should young and old be paid similarly when both are doing the same job?

If not,why?

How do employer determine how much to pay specific employee to do a job?

In other words,what variables affect salary scale?

Do they adjust salary to reflect employee's background and experience?
Will you discredit/discount/disregard/ignore/put aside on such experience?
What if you do so?

What about the education?
If your education or quality of education match the job requirements,it will affect the pay.

What about the performance?
It is an important variable when being considered for pay increase or promotion.

Support the 3 reasons with examples,from your experience or knowledge or general idea.

  • Performance/Results/Outcome
  • Experience or wisdom counts.
  • Quality education
  • Hierarchy is traditionally accepted/Age alone shouldn't be major factor 
pay/pay roll/salary